About I. Reid

I. Reid is the pen name of an insatiably curious, overeducated homo sapiens sapiens who much to the dismay of family and friends has never outgrown the why phase (or how phase if applied to how a thing works). As I. Reid is gainfully employed and considered a productive adult in polite society, I. Reid guest blogs on occasion guided by whatever is the curiosity of the nanosecond.
  • Kingdom-of-Back-by-Marie-Lu-Book-Review-by-iReid

Kingdom of Back Book Review by I. Reid

Kingdom-of-Back-by-Marie-Lu-Review-by-iReid

Dear Reader,

We have all heard fairy tales, popularized by Disney about princesses and animal sidekicks. Then there are faery tales which are often much darker, more akin to the fairy tales told by the Brothers Grimm.

Faery tales tend to fall into one of two camps. There is the benevolent and better than humans in every way camp led by JRR Tolkien. The other camp is the beautiful but malevolent and best to be avoided camp. This camp is led by folk tales of Europe. It can be seen in tales like that of the Erlkoenig (the Elf King). I will not say which one this concerns, as I do not want to spoil the surprise for you, dear Reader.

Best-selling author Marie Lu has brought faery tales, historical fiction, coming of age, and the journey of finding your truest self into a single tale, The Kingdom of Back. The Kingdom of Back is set in Europe in the tumultuous decades before the American and French Revolutions. The story is told through the viewpoint of Maria Anna Mozart, the elder sister of better-known Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which is intriguing in itself.

While the tale is rooted in reality, as the Mozart children did invent the Kingdom of Back, there are historical inaccuracies in the tale. I realize this is historical fiction so it’s permissible; you the Reader should just not think this accurately describes events and their order.

What is glossed over although briefly hinted at in the story is the radical change creeping through Europe at the time. It was during this period of empire building and the Enlightenment that the groundwork for the later cataclysms of the World Wars were laid. People were no longer content to be treated longer like chattel by aristocracy. This was an unsettling time for Europe as the old societal structure began to change. In the American colonies, discontent was fomenting, casting long shadows of the American Revolution and French Revolution to come.

My other main criticism is the lack of detail. Maria Anna Mozart’s voice comes through clearly enough, as does a description of the Kingdom of Back, but the rest of the story focuses more on actions and less on descriptions. To be fair to author Marie Lu, this is a criticism I level at most modern authors. Nowadays we get excruciating detail or too little.

The criticisms however did not detract from the story. Overall it was a charming and enjoyable read, and I hope that you too find it to be so. The story is not too long but not a novella either. My particular favorite of the story were the antics of Wolfgang Amadeus. Wolfgang Amadeus was mischievous as an adult; his misadventures as a child are amusing.

But your sympathies are meant to lie mainly with Maria Anna, or as she was known as a child, Nannerl. Nannerl is given a fairly modern inner voice, which may or may not be accurate. Nannerl’s inner voice is strong giving us insight into her hopes, dreams, and how she viewed the world. Most of all, what it might be like to be the sibling of one such as Wolfgang Amadeus, one so incandescent all else is washed out by their light.

Until next time, dear Reader.

Sincerely yours,

I. Reid

I. Reid

See more posts by I. Reid guest-posts-by-I-Reid

 
Little-Art-City-on-the-Prairie-Impressions-of-Faulkton-South-Dakota
 

Little Art City on the Prairie: Impressions of Faulkton South Dakota

Written by I. Reid, Gary L. Wilhelm, and Carolyn Wilhelm, Cover Illustrator Pieter Els

The beauty of the prairie and the loveliness of the area inspired the main author, I. Reid. Faulkton is an example of a city that refused to simply exist (and perhaps become obsolete) and turned to its arts council for ideas.

 
 
A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mom? By I. Reid
 

A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mother? Children’s Book

What is a mother? A mother is the same whether children are adopted or biological. In this story, the child has been adopted. It is written from the viewpoint of the child to help explain mother is the same in any family. Mom helps check under the bed for monsters, reads books, and watches movies with the girl. She does the same things every mother does. Visually, the images show a white mother and an Asian daughter. The main author, I-Reid, has previously written blog posts for this blog, and now she has written her first children’s picture book.

 
 
Kingdom-of-Back-by-Marie-Lu-Book-Review-blog-post-by-iReid
 

Kingdom of Back by Marie Lu Book Review by I. Reid

 
 
freebie-homonyms-cards-to-accompany-Bunnicula
 

See my book review of Bunnicula at this link. There is a free instant PDF download educational printable at the link as well.

 
 

Chinese Zodiac Free Printable Activities and information written by I. Reid

 
Chinese-zodiac-free-printable-activities-I-Reid
 
 

Here is a link to my informational post for parents to help them understand the ratings for Japanese Manga books.

 
manga-for-kids-japanese-graphic-novels-informational-blog-post-by-i-Reid
 
  
Q-and-A-howls-moving-castle-book-and-movie-free-instant-PDF-download
 
 

Read about American farm horses and enjoy 3 freebies at that post, as well.

 
American-Farm-Horses-info-post-by-I-Reid.jpg
 
 

My own review of A Single Shard by Linda Sue Park is towards the end of this post with a free literature unit supplement for teachers.

 
Geographical-plus-cultural-information-book-reivew-for-Single-Shard
 
 

I have traveled extensively, and have written a post with 8 top travel tips for you to consider.

 
eight-top-travel-tips-blog-post-by-I-Reid-1
 
 

After my trip to Shanghai, I contributed to this presentation freebie as well.

 
Shanghai-PowerPoint-Presentation-and-resource-blog-post-and-freebie
 
 

Experiments are fun, and this post tells about both the dancing dime as well as the dry ice experiments I described.

 
Dancing-Dime-experiment-information-by-I-Reid
 
 

I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
shells-3-part-cards-freebie-PDF-printable-Montessori-inspired
 
 

I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
Kingdom of Back book review by I-Reid
 
 

Critique of Two Books About the Champawat Tiger: Man-Eaters of Kumaon and No Beast So Fierce by I-Reid

 
critique-of-two-books-about-the-Champawat-Tiger-by-I-Reid
 
 

A Wrinkle in Time Movie Review by I. Reid

 
Wrinkle-in-Time-Movie-Review-by-I-Reid
 
 

Happy Lunar New Year and Spring Festival 2022 informational blog post by I. Reid

 
happy-lunar-spring-festival-tiger-year-2022-info-blog-post
 
 

Blog posts by I. Reid include book reviews, science, history, and travel.

 
guest-posts-by-I-Reid
 

Books and Guest Posts by I-Reid 

I-Reid-logo-aboutI-Reid has written guest posts for the Wise Owl Factory blog and other blogs. This page has links to her books and writing.

 
Little-Art-City-on-the-Prairie-Impressions-of-Faulkton-South-Dakota
 

Little Art City on the Prairie: Impressions of Faulkton South Dakota

Written by I. Reid, Gary L. Wilhelm, and Carolyn Wilhelm, Cover Illustrator Pieter Els

The beauty of the prairie and the loveliness of the area inspired the main author, I. Reid. Faulkton is an example of a city that refused to simply exist (and perhaps become obsolete) and turned to its arts council for ideas.

 
 
A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mom? By I. Reid
 

A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mother? Children’s Book

What is a mother? A mother is the same whether children are adopted or biological. In this story, the child has been adopted. It is written from the viewpoint of the child to help explain mother is the same in any family. Mom helps check under the bed for monsters, reads books, and watches movies with the girl. She does the same things every mother does. Visually, the images show a white mother and an Asian daughter. The main author, I-Reid, has previously written blog posts for this blog, and now she has written her first children’s picture book.

 
 
Kingdom-of-Back-by-Marie-Lu-Book-Review-blog-post-by-iReid
 

Kingdom of Back by Marie Lu Book Review by I. Reid

 
 
freebie-homonyms-cards-to-accompany-Bunnicula
 

See my book review of Bunnicula at this link. There is a free instant PDF download educational printable at the link as well.

 
 

Chinese Zodiac Free Printable Activities and information written by I. Reid

 
Chinese-zodiac-free-printable-activities-I-Reid
 
 

Here is a link to my informational post for parents to help them understand the ratings for Japanese Manga books.

 
manga-for-kids-japanese-graphic-novels-informational-blog-post-by-i-Reid
 
  
Q-and-A-howls-moving-castle-book-and-movie-free-instant-PDF-download
 
 

Read about American farm horses and enjoy 3 freebies at that post, as well.

 
American-Farm-Horses-info-post-by-I-Reid.jpg
 
 

My own review of A Single Shard by Linda Sue Park is towards the end of this post with a free literature unit supplement for teachers.

 
Geographical-plus-cultural-information-book-reivew-for-Single-Shard
 
 

I have traveled extensively, and have written a post with 8 top travel tips for you to consider.

 
eight-top-travel-tips-blog-post-by-I-Reid-1
 
 

After my trip to Shanghai, I contributed to this presentation freebie as well.

 
Shanghai-PowerPoint-Presentation-and-resource-blog-post-and-freebie
 
 

Experiments are fun, and this post tells about both the dancing dime as well as the dry ice experiments I described.

 
Dancing-Dime-experiment-information-by-I-Reid
 
 

I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
shells-3-part-cards-freebie-PDF-printable-Montessori-inspired
 
 

I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
Kingdom of Back book review by I-Reid
 
 

Critique of Two Books About the Champawat Tiger: Man-Eaters of Kumaon and No Beast So Fierce by I-Reid

 
critique-of-two-books-about-the-Champawat-Tiger-by-I-Reid
 
 

A Wrinkle in Time Movie Review by I. Reid

 
Wrinkle-in-Time-Movie-Review-by-I-Reid
 
 

Happy Lunar New Year and Spring Festival 2022 informational blog post by I. Reid

 
happy-lunar-spring-festival-tiger-year-2022-info-blog-post
 
 

Blog posts by I. Reid include book reviews, science, history, and travel.

 
guest-posts-by-I-Reid
 

Eight Top Travel Tips for Any Trip by I. Reid

Travel Tips from a Very Experienced Traveler

Dear Reader,

Your author, I. Reid, has traveled extensively. Travel can be a rewarding experience, as long as one expects reality, not perfection.

Tip #1 – Research your destination

Travel-Tip-One-Research-DestinationResearching your destination allows you to be properly prepared and prioritize places to see or things to do.  Good sources are current travel guides from reputable publishers, official tourism websites, and people who have actually visited the site (and whom you trust).

The research includes the actual weather of your destination (for the time of your visit), operating hours, food choices, and prices of places you want to visit.  If you are a student, some tourist attractions offer student discounts.  Knowing prices and hours can help prevent disappointment or sticker shock.

Download any travel or destination related apps to your phone before you go.  You cannot count on free wi-fi.  If traveling overseas, FX rate calculators are quite useful.  Translation apps can also help, although if the alphabet is different, I also carry a small phrase book in case the app isn’t available.

Tip #2 – Plan ahead but allow for flexibility

travel-tip-two-plan-ahead-but-be-flexibleThe reality on a trip is this: you have a limited amount of time and likely have much more than you can realistically see.  By planning ahead you can maximize your sightseeing time.

Big cities can be surprisingly difficult to get around.  Downloading the city’s transit app and practicing using it before the trip can minimize stress.  Big cities can also have areas where it is very dangerous; it’s important to know where these places are to avoid them.

Prioritizing will also help to prevent you from going home disappointed because you didn’t get to a must-see attraction.  What is the most important?  What can be skipped if you are tired, the weather is bad, or you decide it costs too much?

Don’t plan for activities you wouldn’t enjoy.  For example, if you are afraid of heights, you may not enjoy ziplining, crossing the gorge to Neuschwanstein Castle, or climbing the 1,000 some steps of the Strasbourg Cathedral.  On the other hand, if you have an intense interest in castles, make visiting castles a priority and plan other events around it (and if you are visiting Germany, visit Southern Germany, not northern Germany).

travel-with-childrenIf you are traveling with children, plan quiet times during the day and anticipate random hunger or thirst.  Children need to rest when they are tired and eat when they are hungry; these are not things you can plan.  Also keep in mind that while you may enjoy a museum like the Louvre, a small child might find it incredibly boring.

Last, being flexible will also help to keep from being stressed or disappointed.  If the weather is terrible outside in Washington D.C. is it perhaps better to go to the Smithsonian Aerospace Museum today rather than tomorrow as originally planned?  Is it more important to feel more rested for the next day or go to an attraction you feel so-so about?

Tip #3 – Pack reasonably

Travel-Tip-Three-Pack-ReasonablyYour author tries to pack as lightly as possible (insight gained from traveling over 100,000 air miles).  However, this does not mean you should not pack things that will be reasonably needed or used.

Some tips to pack reasonably include clothes you can wear more than once, clothes that coordinate for mixing and matching, and clothes you can handwash, and appropriate for the locale.

For example, if you are going to Arizona, aside from monsoon season, you can generally leave the umbrella and rain gear at home.  However, in London (or Seattle) rain gear is an absolute necessity.

Appropriate attire can also vary.  It’s important to know what the typical attire is to avoid standing out too much.  For example, if an American is going overseas, it might be a good time to leave the local football team t-shirts and white sneakers at home.

What you can probably leave at home are items for remote what-ifs.  If you are not likely to swim, don’t bring a swimsuit.  If you are going to Disney (not attending a wedding) and not likely to eat at the Victoria and Albert restaurant, you can leave the dress suits and dresses at home.

Tip #4 – Bring necessities

Travel-Tip-Four-Bring-NecessitiesWhile your author has just advocated not packing for remote what-ifs, if something is essential, bring it with you.  That includes the favorite blankie or toy for children.  You cannot assume everything available to you at home will be findable at your location, especially if you are going on a remote trip like a safari to Kenya or hiking at Macchu Picchu.

Some recommended staples include: sunscreen (in some countries you can only buy these at pharmacies), Tylenol (it’s available by prescription only in Europe), and other over-the-counter medicines such as digestive relief and allergy relief.  Note: Aspirin is widely available in Europe but sometimes it’s a tablet meant to be dissolved in water.

If you have food concerns, bring snacks in case you can’t find the food you can (or will) eat.  Your author is allergic to shellfish and fish so while traveling in oceanic locales, peanut butter and granola bars are a necessity.

If you are traveling to Disney World, bring a reusable water bottle with you.  Disney has water stations at which you can refill your water bottle.  Otherwise, expect to budget a good chunk of money for water.  Florida is quite warm most of the year and walking (or squealing in joy when you see your favorite character) makes you thirsty.

Tip #5 – Bring a digital camera

Travel-Tip-FIve-Digital-Camera-Plus-PhoneWhile this may seem like a ridiculous recommendation, if you take a lot of photos or videos, make the effort to bring a small digital camera with you in addition to your smartphone.

This is the reality: taking photos and videos with your smartphone drains its battery.  Do not expect to find a recharging station in short notice and it’s not smart to not have a phone to call police or emergency services in an emergency.

Also, make sure you have enough memory cards.  At tourist traps, they are outrageously expensive and may be sub-par quality.

The following 3 tips are for those traveling overseas, particularly Americans.

Tip #6 – If traveling overseas, register with your embassy


Travel-Tip-Six-Register-with-the-EmbassySadly the world is a scary place and unexpected events both man-made and natural disasters can strike at any time. 
Registering with the embassy helps them know to account for you in case of a major catastrophe.  Also if you suddenly go incommunicado (hopefully just your phone running out of battery) and your family needs to contact the State Department because they think you are MIA, registering gives the embassy or consulate a starting place.

Americans can register online at the Department of State Travel website.

If you have a smartphone, download the Smart Traveler app.  If you are traveling for business, some businesses will pay for a security service and the associated app.  If this is offered, take advantage.

Tip #7 – Buy an international data plan

Travel-Tip-Seven-Buy-An-International-Data-PlanIf you have a smartphone, bring it with even if you keep it off most of the time.  You never know when you might need it in an emergency.  Also, it is worth buying a reasonably priced data plan.  This will allow you to text people or to use apps that require data such as local transport maps, train timetables, or translation apps.

You can purchase an international data plan by going to the carrier store, changing your services online, or calling customer service.  Most smartphones allow you to track how much data you have used.

Learn how to dial internationally.  You will need the + to dial a country code.  This is typically accessed by holding down the 0 button.  The country code for the US is 001.  Os (zeros) in country codes and city codes are typically dropped when dialed internationally.

Last, learn the emergency services #s.  It’s not always 911.  110 and 119 are common in Europe.  Some countries have different emergency #s for police, fire, and ambulance.

Tip #8 – Learn a few phrases
Tip-Eight-Learn-A-Few-Phrases-of-the-LanguageIt pays to take the pains to learn a few basic phrases in the language of the country you are visiting.  I recommend: please, thank you, excuse me, help, police, and bathroom.

Part of this is common sense: you are more likely to get help if you actually need it.  More importantly, most locals are quite delighted if you’ve shown some effort to learn about your destination.  They typically respond in a friendlier manner and you can never have too many friends.

Happy traveling!

Yours Sincerely,

I. Reid

I. Reid.
Eight Top Travel Tips for Any Trip by I. Reid

You might also like other guest posts by i-Reid at this link.

guest-posts-by-I-Reid

 
Little-Art-City-on-the-Prairie-Impressions-of-Faulkton-South-Dakota
 

Little Art City on the Prairie: Impressions of Faulkton South Dakota

Written by I. Reid, Gary L. Wilhelm, and Carolyn Wilhelm, Cover Illustrator Pieter Els

The beauty of the prairie and the loveliness of the area inspired the main author, I. Reid. Faulkton is an example of a city that refused to simply exist (and perhaps become obsolete) and turned to its arts council for ideas.

 
 
A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mom? By I. Reid
 

A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mother? Children’s Book

What is a mother? A mother is the same whether children are adopted or biological. In this story, the child has been adopted. It is written from the viewpoint of the child to help explain mother is the same in any family. Mom helps check under the bed for monsters, reads books, and watches movies with the girl. She does the same things every mother does. Visually, the images show a white mother and an Asian daughter. The main author, I-Reid, has previously written blog posts for this blog, and now she has written her first children’s picture book.

 
 
Kingdom-of-Back-by-Marie-Lu-Book-Review-blog-post-by-iReid
 

Kingdom of Back by Marie Lu Book Review by I. Reid

 
 
freebie-homonyms-cards-to-accompany-Bunnicula
 

See my book review of Bunnicula at this link. There is a free instant PDF download educational printable at the link as well.

 
 

Chinese Zodiac Free Printable Activities and information written by I. Reid

 
Chinese-zodiac-free-printable-activities-I-Reid
 
 

Here is a link to my informational post for parents to help them understand the ratings for Japanese Manga books.

 
manga-for-kids-japanese-graphic-novels-informational-blog-post-by-i-Reid
 
  
Q-and-A-howls-moving-castle-book-and-movie-free-instant-PDF-download
 
 

Read about American farm horses and enjoy 3 freebies at that post, as well.

 
American-Farm-Horses-info-post-by-I-Reid.jpg
 
 

My own review of A Single Shard by Linda Sue Park is towards the end of this post with a free literature unit supplement for teachers.

 
Geographical-plus-cultural-information-book-reivew-for-Single-Shard
 
 

I have traveled extensively, and have written a post with 8 top travel tips for you to consider.

 
eight-top-travel-tips-blog-post-by-I-Reid-1
 
 

After my trip to Shanghai, I contributed to this presentation freebie as well.

 
Shanghai-PowerPoint-Presentation-and-resource-blog-post-and-freebie
 
 

Experiments are fun, and this post tells about both the dancing dime as well as the dry ice experiments I described.

 
Dancing-Dime-experiment-information-by-I-Reid
 
 

I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
shells-3-part-cards-freebie-PDF-printable-Montessori-inspired
 
 

I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
Kingdom of Back book review by I-Reid
 
 

Critique of Two Books About the Champawat Tiger: Man-Eaters of Kumaon and No Beast So Fierce by I-Reid

 
critique-of-two-books-about-the-Champawat-Tiger-by-I-Reid
 
 

A Wrinkle in Time Movie Review by I. Reid

 
Wrinkle-in-Time-Movie-Review-by-I-Reid
 
 

Happy Lunar New Year and Spring Festival 2022 informational blog post by I. Reid

 
happy-lunar-spring-festival-tiger-year-2022-info-blog-post
 
 

Blog posts by I. Reid include book reviews, science, history, and travel.

 
guest-posts-by-I-Reid
 

Early American Farm Horses and 3 Freebies

Early American farm horses are fun for children to learn about and enjoy. Early American farms are more easily understood by children through the Laura Ingalls Wilder book series. Comparing and contrasting farming in Farmer Boy to the stories about Laura and her sisters shows differences in farms and even the horses. This post has 3 free resources, so continue reading. The Clydesdale is one of the horses that worked on early American farms. I immediately thought of Farmer Boy and the Laura Ingalls Wilder books as the families relied heavily on horses. This post will review Clydesdale and other horses, as well. Clydesdale Horses-3-part-cards-information

Safari-Ltd-Clydesdale-horse-product

(more…)

  • Shanghai-PowerPoint-Presentation-and-resource-free-download

Shanghai Free Power Point and Google Slides

Shanghai Free Power Point and Google Slides

Shanghai? Recently Gnorman traveled to Shanghai for business and was kind enough to take selfies and photos for me. Actually, my daughter was so kind as to take him with her and snap a few photos. Gnorman the Gnome travels with I-Reid sometimes. He enjoyed his flight and had plenty of room to stretch out. He was able to take a few photos of Shanghai’s famous sites, and is kindly allowing me to use them in a free presentation Shanghai-a-to-z (and China) A to Z. To include every letter in the entire alphabet, it was necessary to include a few photos of other famous places in China. A version of this presentation is also available in Google Slides.  Google Slides are free and online only. At the link, it will ask if you want to make a copy of the slideshow and say yes to get a copy on your Google Drive. (more…)

  • CRR-CCR-AED-Emergency-Information-for-Caregivers

CPR, CCR, and AED Emergency Information for Parents and Teachers

CPR, CCR, and AED Emergency Information for Parents and Teachers

I. ReidEmergency information written by I. Reid of the Bunnicula post and the Dancing Dime post fame is back with a new post about emergency situations for caregivers. This post is not intended as medical advice.  In an emergency, call 911 and follow the directions of the dispatcher, paramedics, and trained medical personnel.  In other cases, seek and follow the advice of trained medical personnel.  This post is intended to raise awareness of first aid and provide accurate information.

Dear Reader,

I highly advise my dear Readers to take an updated first aid course from their local community education, the Red Cross, or other medical providers who may offer classes in the area.  There have been a lot of advances in the medical field and previous training may now be outdated.  Or more scarily, you may believe in inaccurate information that is floating out there in cyberspace.

Carolyn who writes the Wise Owl Factory blog has just been certified in First Aid and CPR Pediatric through adult levels. She asked her daughter, I-Ried, to write this post to help convince others of the importance of knowing this information. Thanks!

By I-Reid

Dear Reader, I cannot recommend taking a first aid and CPR course enough.  You never know what life will throw at you, but if you are trained, you are more prepared.  This is especially important if you are an outdoors family who may be some distance away from a Trauma 1 medical facility.  Please don’t forget creating first aid kits too.

gif_first-aid-kitAlso recommended is downloading the Red Cross First Aid app.  While the best advice is always directly from licensed medical personnel, first aid can help keep someone alive until said licensed and trained medical personnel are on site.

CPR and CCR are two important life-saving skills that everyone should learn.  More importantly, they are skills everyone can learn.  Every day, 911 dispatchers across the country instruct people in CPR and CCR over the phone.

CPR is Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation. It involves chest compressions and rescue breaths.

CCR is Cardio-Cerebral Resuscitation and involves chest compressions only.

In deploying CPR or CCR, the most important factor is the effectiveness of the actions you take.  When it comes to chest compressions this means they are deep and fast.  Depth will depend on the age of the unfortunate victim and fast is most ideally about 155 compressions per minute.  Think BeeGee’s Staying Alive.

One thing never to do is to take a fist and punch the chest for the first compression, as you may have seen done in movies and television shows.  This is not an appropriate chest compression nor is it medically effective.  Hollywood, thank you for doing the average person a disservice by perpetuating misinformation.

Rescue breaths actually only need to be quite shallow to be effective.  Too much force will drive air into the stomach which leads to the risk of vomiting and choking.  A little breath is actually quite effective.

As mentioned previously, the age of the victim will determine the depth of the chest compression.  Infants are up to 12 months old.  Children are 12 months old to 8 years old.  Adults are 8 years plus.  Yes, you read that correctly, 8 years plus.

The whole point of both CPR and CCR is to keep oxygen flowing to the brain.  Blood retains a certain amount of oxygen for a period of time.  It’s a matter of keeping the blood circulating to deliver oxygen.  The chest compressions mimic the pump action of the heart and create blood pressure and circulation.  This is why the depth of compressions is important.  Too shallow of compressions will not generate appropriate blood pressure and circulation.  Ideally, chest compressions may stimulate the heart back into restarting or at least to generate enough electrical activity that an AED will deliver a shock.

Another factor that can improve the chance of survival when the heart stops is the use of an Automated External Defibrillator or AED.  Once again AEDs can be used by anyone including those without training.

AEDs may be either semi-automatic or fully automatic.  Semi-automatic means when a shock is advised, the device will charge, the button will flash, but to discharge the shock, someone has to press the button.  Fully automated means the machine will do all this itself.  AEDs both talk and display text, whether they are semi- or fully automatic.

Some AEDs come with a child modification kit.  All this does is deliver a slightly less powerful shock but a regular AED may be used on a victim of any age.

The 1 thing that will change with the age of the victim is the placement of the pads.  Follow the directions on the pads for an adult, or if there are child-sized pads, follow the directions for a child.  The placement of the pads is extremely important since if a shock is advised, the shock will go between the pads.  This means the heart needs to be in-between the pads.

Also to place the pads, the victim’s chest must be bare.  This means no clothing or undergarments.  Hence the use of white sheets to give a victim privacy in certain areas.  Also sometimes hair must be removed from the chest to make the pad adhere properly.

AEDs are powerful enough to deliver a shock to a heart but they are not strong enough to kill a bystander.  If you happen to be touching the victim when a shock is delivered, your heart will generally not stop.  It will be unpleasant but the worst effect is that the full shock won’t have been delivered to the person requiring the shock.  Also, the AED will not deliver subsequent shocks to a heart that regains normal electrical patterns so there is not a risk to leaving the AED attached to a victim who regains consciousness.

In general, only a licensed doctor should remove an AED once deployed.  This means when the ambulance comes to pick up the victim and transport to the hospital, the AED goes with them.

Dear Reader, I hope you never need to use this information, but it is better to be aware that these sorts of events happen.  More importantly, if you take a first aid course and have been trained, you are more likely to immediately jump into action than to freeze and panic.

Another area that has a lot of misinformation out there is choking.  Back slaps are not advised, as they are ineffective.  What is effective is a thrust with the heel of the palm, but whether to the back, chest, or diaphragm depends on the age and condition of the victim.

If you live by the ocean, look up reliable first aid advice from the Mayo Clinic, Red Cross, or your doctor, on jellyfish stings as this is another area with more misinformation than reliable information.

Dear Reader, I cannot recommend taking a first aid and CPR course enough.  You never know what life will throw at you, but if you are trained, you are more prepared.  This is especially important if you are an outdoors family who may be some distance away from a Trauma 1 medical facility.  Please don’t forget creating first aid kits too.

Also recommended is downloading the Red Cross First Aid app.  While the best advice is always directly from licensed medical personnel, first aid can help keep someone alive until said licensed and trained medical personnel are on site.

Not affiliated links. This website is not responsible for the content of external links:

https://www.mayoclinic.org

https://www.redcross.org

Yours Sincerely,

I. Reid

 
Posts by I. Reid
 
 
Little-Art-City-on-the-Prairie-Impressions-of-Faulkton-South-Dakota
 

Little Art City on the Prairie: Impressions of Faulkton South Dakota

Written by I. Reid, Gary L. Wilhelm, and Carolyn Wilhelm, Cover Illustrator Pieter Els

The beauty of the prairie and the loveliness of the area inspired the main author, I. Reid. Faulkton is an example of a city that refused to simply exist (and perhaps become obsolete) and turned to its arts council for ideas.

 
 
A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mom? By I. Reid
 

A Mom: What is an Adoptive Mother? Children’s Book

What is a mother? A mother is the same whether children are adopted or biological. In this story, the child has been adopted. It is written from the viewpoint of the child to help explain mother is the same in any family. Mom helps check under the bed for monsters, reads books, and watches movies with the girl. She does the same things every mother does. Visually, the images show a white mother and an Asian daughter. The main author, I-Reid, has previously written blog posts for this blog, and now she has written her first children’s picture book.

 
 
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Kingdom of Back by Marie Lu Book Review by I. Reid

 
 
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See my book review of Bunnicula at this link. There is a free instant PDF download educational printable at the link as well.

 
 

Chinese Zodiac Free Printable Activities and information written by I. Reid

 
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Here is a link to my informational post for parents to help them understand the ratings for Japanese Manga books.

 
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Read about American farm horses and enjoy 3 freebies at that post, as well.

 
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My own review of A Single Shard by Linda Sue Park is towards the end of this post with a free literature unit supplement for teachers.

 
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I have traveled extensively, and have written a post with 8 top travel tips for you to consider.

 
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After my trip to Shanghai, I contributed to this presentation freebie as well.

 
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Experiments are fun, and this post tells about both the dancing dime as well as the dry ice experiments I described.

 
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I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
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I added information to the shells Montessori post at this link.

 
Kingdom of Back book review by I-Reid
 
 

Critique of Two Books About the Champawat Tiger: Man-Eaters of Kumaon and No Beast So Fierce by I-Reid

 
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A Wrinkle in Time Movie Review by I. Reid

 
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Happy Lunar New Year and Spring Festival 2022 informational blog post by I. Reid

 
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Blog posts by I. Reid include book reviews, science, history, and travel.

 
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2023-03-13T19:31:55-05:00By |Categories: For Parents, For Teachers|Tags: , , , , |
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